Mega Millions Lottery Rules [Ultimate Guide]

Mega Millions is one of the most beloved American lotteries with millions of players submitting their tickets in every draw. This lottery has awarded a few record-breaking jackpots throughout its history and changed a lot of people’s lives forever.

To participate in this great lottery and fight for a chance to become a Mega Millions jackpot winner, take a moment to read our Mega Millions guide. You will learn everything you need about the Mega Millions rules and its fantastic history!

1. Mega Millions Rules

7. Biggest Mega Millions Jackpots

2. Megaplier

8. Mega Millions Jackpots/ Year

3. Can Kenyans Play?

9. Types of Payouts

4. How to Win the Jackpot?

10. Do You Pay Taxes on Prizes?

5. Mega Millions Secondary Prizes

11. Remain Anonymous

6. Odds of Winning

12. Mega Millions History

What Are the Mega Millions Lottery Rules?

Mega Millions uses two separate sets of numbers: the main one, where players need to select 5 numbers from a range of 1 to 70 and the smaller one, used to extract the additional number, from 1 to 25. Players who match all 5 main numbers and the bonus Mega Ball of the draw will win the Mega Millions jackpot. It is as simple as that!

Don’t get discouraged if you don’t match all the numbers, you can still end up with an attractive secondary prize. Mega Millions displays numerous secondary prize categories to attract more lotto players. Find out more below.

What is the Megaplier?

The Megaplier is an optional feature of the Mega Millions that every player loves, as it can significantly boost lower-tier prizes.

Mega Millions Megaplier

So, how does the Megaplier work? You pay a small additional cost to add the Megaplier to your lottery ticket and you get a chance to win larger secondary prizes. If you’re lucky, you can even get 5 times the prize, depending on the Megaplier number selected in the respective draw!

After selecting the 5 main numbers and the Mega Ball, the lottery officials also extract the Megaplier number, which can be 2, 3, 4, or 5. This number determines how many times the secondary prizes won by tickets with the added Megaplier will be multiplied. The Megaplier applies to the second prize which is normally worth $1 Million.

The maximum value for this multiplier is 5, so your prizes can be multiplied 5 times at most. For the second prize you will scoop $5 Million instead of the standard $1 Million.

This advantage doesn’t happen when you play with the Powerball multiplier, the Powerplay which only doubles the second prize, regardless of the multiplier number.

Can Kenyans Play Mega Millions?

Of course they can! If you choose to play online, our safe platform is the best option for you to buy lottery tickets without having to leave Kenya! What’s more, we offer many features that will improve your game and boost your winning odds. Becoming part of a syndicate, opting for systematic forms, subscribing to lotteries or choosing the multi-draws are just a few of the amazing benefits that come with playing Mega Millions on theLotter Kenya.

How to Win Mega Millions Jackpot?

The Mega Millions jackpot has a guaranteed value which starts at $20 Million, which is the highest starting value for a jackpot, matched only by the main prize in Powerball lottery. There is no jackpot cap on the Mega Millions first prize, so it grows every time it is not won. Since there is no jackpot cap in place, the Mega Millions jackpot can reach some amazing amounts quite quickly. To win it, you need to guess all 6 winning numbers: the 5 main numbers between 1 and 70 + the additional Mega Ball between 1 and 25. 

You are now probably wondering about the biggest Mega Millions jackpot ever won. The Mega Millions jackpot reached $1.537 Billion! It was scooped on October 23, 2018 and it is the second time ever that any lotto prize has climbed over the $1 Billion threshold. The $1.53 Billion prize came very close to breaking the world record held by the US Powerball, but in the end, Powerball maintained the title - for now...

Powerball still holds the record it earned in January 2016, when it offered a staggering $1.58 Billion first prize. Before this special event, the Mega Millions held this coveted title since 2012. It awarded the biggest prize in the world (at that time) which was worth an attractive $656 Million.

Mega Millions Secondary Prizes

The Mega Millions jackpot is undoubtedly the most attractive aspect of this lottery, but it is not the only reason to play this huge lottery! There is a total of 8 secondary prizes offered by this lottery, so you have a decent shot a taking home one of them if you don’t match all the winning numbers. The second prize has a fixed amount of $1 Million and you have to guess the five main numbers to scoop it.

You will win a complimentary prize even if you match only 1 main number! If you only get one of the main numbers and the Mega Ball will earn you a complimentary $4 prize. You can get a prize worth $2 just by getting the Mega Ball, and none of the main numbers.

Prize Category Match Prize Amount Winning Odds





2nd Prize


$1 Million


3rd Prize




4th Prize




5th Prize




6th Prize




7th Prize




8th Prize




9th Prize




What Are Your Odds of Winning Mega Millions Prizes?

The Mega Millions jackpot has a minimum value of $20 million and it grows by a minimum of $5 Million with every draw when it is not won. Each player has a 1 in 302,575,350 chance of scooping the Mega Millions jackpot, which is pretty close to the odds of winning the Powerball jackpot.

The odds of taking home the second prize offered by the Mega Millions are 1 in 12,607,306. If you only guess a total of 5 numbers and win the second prize division, you could still become a millionaire!

Mega Million Prize Tier Odds of Winning

Jackpot – Minimum $20 Million

1 in 302,575,350

2nd Tier - $1 Million

1 in 12,607,306

What are the Biggest Mega Millions Jackpots?

To get a full perspective on the Mega Millions lottery, we have ranked the largest jackpots in the history of this lotto game. You already know that the top Mega Millions jackpot was won on October 23, 2018 after reaching an amazing $1.5 Billion!

Take a look at the table below and you will see why this American lottery has gained so much international popularity. You’ll be happy to know that Mega Millions is still growing as we speak. The sky is the limit with this lottery!

Rank Date Amount # of winners


October 23, 2018

$1.53 Billion



January 22, 2021

$1 Billion



March 30, 2012

$656 Million



December 17, 2013

$648 Million



July 24, 2018

$543 Million



July 8, 2016

$536 Million



March 30, 2018

$533 Million



January 5, 2018

$451 Million



January 1, 2019

$437 Million



March 18, 2014

$414 Million


Mega Millions Jackpots by Year

It is hard to imagine the sheer size of the Mega Millions and the impact it had on the global lottery market. We have created the table below to help you visualize this idea, since it includes the largest jackpots and the number of winners by year. Get ready to be impressed by the Mega Millions evolution throughout the years.

Year Jackpots Won Biggest Jackpot


1 till now

$1 Billion



$414 Million



$522 Million



$1.53 Billion



$393 Million



$536 Million



$265 Million



$414 Million



$648 Million



$656 Million



$380 Million



$266 Million



$336 Million



$275 Million



$390 Million



$270 Million



$315 Million



$294 Million



$183 Million



$165 Million

What Are the Types of Payouts in the Mega Millions?

The Mega Millions lottery offers two kinds of payouts to jackpot winners: lump sum or annuity. People who match all the winning numbers can opt between getting the full amount at once or over a determined period of 30 years. Each payout method comes with specific advantages and disadvantages.

Taxation laws differ a lot for lump sum and annuity payment. For example, if you scoop a $40 Million Mega Millions jackpot, this is the exact amount you will receive if you opt for the 30 years’ annuity option. On the other hand, if you want it all in one single payment as a lump sum, you will get around $25 Million after taxes are deducted.

Players who get lucky enough to match all the numbers and hit the Mega Millions jackpot have one year to claim their prize. Please remember that Mega Millions prizes can only be redeemed in the state where the winning tickets were purchased.

 American flag

Can You Stay Anonymous if You Win the Mega Millions?

Anonymity after winning big in the lottery is an issue that varies depending on the country. When thinking about a multi-state American lottery like Mega Millions, the answer to this question depends on the state where the ticket was purchased in. There are very few American states that actually allow jackpot winners to remain anonymous. These are: Delaware, Kansas, North Dakota, Maryland, South Carolina, and Ohio. Other states require winners to reveal certain informations about their identity.

Do Kenyans Have to Pay Taxes on Mega Millions Prizes?

When you play Mega Millions online from Kenya, any prize you win will be taxed based on the local laws of the American state where the tickets were purchased in. A fixed federal tax of 30% will be withheld from all lottery prizes over the sum of $599.50. This law applies to all non-resident lotto winners. A state tax will also be deducted, but this is determined based on the state’s specific taxation laws.

After paying the taxes to the US, prizes are also taxed according to the local tax laws of the winner’s country of residence. In this case, you should check with the Kenyan tax authorities to find out more about how your international lottery gains will be taxed.

Mega Millions History

Mega Millions was launched in 1996 under the name of The Big Game and it has evolved since then to become one of the biggest players on the lottery market. It started with only 6 participating states and one weekly draw of The Big Game, and it is now available in 44 states plus the District of Columbia and the U.S. Virgin Islands and.

The name Mega Millions was adopted in May 2002. Around the same time, the original Big Money Ball turns into the Mega Ball. In 2003, the Megaplier was added and Texas joined the Mega Millions group. In 2010, an agreement between Mega Millions and Powerball was reached and Mega Millions starting selling tickets in the former Powerball states as well.

2017 meant the beginning of a new era in the evolution of the Mega Millions, as from this year on, even bigger prizes can be expected from this lottery. Mega Millions has some more fantastic surprises lined up for its players!

Here is a resume of Mega Millions history: 

Mega Millions History

Are you ready to test your luck with this amazing lottery? Submit your tickets for a chance to take home a life-changing prize. You only need to match five main numbers and the Mega Ball to win the jackpot! Good luck!